Thursday, March 27, 2008

Kayaking NM's Spring Runoff with Atom Crawford

Photo courtesy of Atom Crawford.

With near record snow pack levels in the mountains, New Mexico’s rafters and kayakers are psyched about the potential for a high and mighty runoff season.

“We’re extremely excited about what should be some awesome flows,” says Atom Crawford, 39, of Dixon, an avid kayaker who lives on Embudo Creek. “This could be an amazing year.”

Snow pack levels for the Rio Grande, Rio Chama, Sangre de Christo, San Juan, Pecos and Cimarron river basins are all well over 100 percent of normal, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service snow data found at

And that means big water and plenty of it for commercial rafters like Steve Miller of New Wave Rafting of Santa Fe.

“If we don’t have an abnormally warm spell in April, we can expect to have some of the best runoff conditions since the eighties,” he says. “It should be pretty outrageous.”

And that’s what kayakers like Crawford are counting on to produce exhilarating runs on runoff swollen streams like Embudo Creek, the Rio Pueblo de Taos, Red River and the upper box of the Rio Grande.

Crawford, a multi-media designer who works at the Lab in Los Alamos, also expects the high water this year to really bring out the “extreme” river runners.

“And that kind of kayaking means there’s no margin for error,” he says.

Crawford says after 16 years of kayaking and a couple of near death experiences, he’s finally learned how to say no to that kind of challenge.

“There’s a limit to what I’ll do now,” he says. “When it gets too high, I’ll be up on the bank breaking out the camera.”

Crawford routinely posts kayaking pictures and stories to his blog at

Those interested in more action will find a two-hour video available at his other website, ,
that features footage of kayakers running various northern New Mexico waters.

The video contains scenes of noted Santa Fe kayaker Ed Lucero running Embudo Creek during flood stage. Lucero may be best known for his 105-foot world record plunge off Alexandra Falls in Canada in the summer of 2003.

Ironically Crawford, a Dixon native and Taos High School graduate, said he got into kayaking after a rafting accident on the Rio Grande that nearly killed him.

Crawford was 15 years old at the time and was riding along with a friend and his father when the raft flipped in the infamous “Toilet Bowl”.

Crawford said he was trapped under the raft and kept going under the water before his friend’s dad managed to pull him out.

“I was terrified, I saw fish down there and thought I was going to die, “ Crawford said of the experience.

His fear of the drowning kept him off the river until he met a girl whose dad kayaked and he thought of taking up the sport in an effort to conquer his fear of the water.“Then I got hooked and everything became centered around it, where I went to college, who I hung out with. It became my life,” he says.

But once he overcame his fears, Crawford grew cocky about his river running talents and once again found himself swimming with the fish.

It was on a stretch of water called Canyon Creek in Washington state in 1998 where Crawford was attending Evergreen State College.

“It was in flood stage, outside the banks, we shouldn’t have even been there,” Crawford says.

The group of kayakers, including his good friend Benjie Howard, had stopped at a place called “Thrasher” rapids where a deep, roiling plunge pool had formed behind a giant, submerged boulder.

“You could have thrown a log in there and it wouldn’t have come out for days, “ Crawford says of the dangerous, swirling pool.

As the rest of his group moved on past the past the pool Crawford was overcome by a sudden impulse.

“I thought to myself ‘I’m bad, I can run this,’” Crawford says.

Before anyone could stop him, Crawford and his kayak were going over an eight-foot drop into the pool below.

“I was just thinking I had made it when it (the current) sucked me back into the maw,” Crawford says.

The powerful, current churned Crawford about, ripping his helmet and shoes off and snapping his kayak in half.

“It would let me go but then it’d suck me back down, slamming me against the bottom,” Crawford says. “I knew I was going to die and all I could think about was how my mom was going to feel.’”

The he blacked out.

“I guess once I relaxed and quit fighting it just spit me out,” Crawford says.

He was then swept downstream and into a rock where the impact brought him to.

“I lucked out,” Crawford says. “That was a real wake up call. Before that I thought I was invincible. Now I know better. I’m not afraid to back down from a challenge.”

Yet despite the harrowing tales, Crawford says he doesn’t know of anyone being killed kayaking during runoff season in New Mexico.

And that may be because kayakers who take to these waters during those conditions are well aware of the dangers involved and prepare accordingly.

Crawford, a certified white water instructor, says his number one safety precaution is never kayak alone. Always paddle in groups of three or more which allows members to assist each other when a mishap occurs, he says.

“And they will,” Crawford says.

And while running creeks at high water can be an intense, challenging endeavor, kayaking provides more leisurely opportunities to just drift quieter waters and relax, Crawford said.

“Being on the water can be a magical thing,” Crawford said. “You can forget abut everything except what you’re doing while you’re out there.”

Crawford said he carries a collapsible spin fishing rod with him during some trips and will cast a lure in search for big brown trout on stretches of water like the Rio Grande near Cerro.

“That’s an amazing place,” Crawford said. “The only people I’ve ever seen down there are the occasional skinny dipper and John Nichols fly fishing.”

Nichols, author of the New Mexico trilogy, Milagro Beanfield War, Magic Journey and Nirvana Blues, lives in Taos and writes about fishing forays into the Rio Grande Gorge in his book The Last Beautiful Days of Autumn.

Crawford says he was inspired by the likes of noted kayakers, Marcia Ready of Taos, Lucero of Santa Fe and he spent many years learning the sport by paddling with Aaron “Sven” Rane of Taos. Photo Courtesy of Atom Crawford

Crawford said those who are interested in the sport should read William Nealy’s illustrated guide to kayaking, check out one of Kent Ford’s kayaking videos and perhaps join the Adobe Whitewater Club of New Mexico down in Albuquerque.

Kayakers also use the Genoveva Chavez swimming pool in Santa Fe on Wednesday evenings for practice sessions and those interested in the sport can obtain some exposure there, Crawford said.

For more information go to the Chavez Center website.

Those who are interested in more advanced kayaking can contact Crawford through his website for assistance.

In the meantime, those looking for someone else to do the driving will find plenty of opportunities to float the big river this spring with experienced guides from operations such as Miller’s.

It should be noted that New Wave Rafting which has operated from an office on Cerrillos Road for many years, is now moving to a new location on the Rio Grande near Embudo, Miller says.

“The cost of gas is killing us,” he said.

The company used to transport clients in buses and vans out of Santa Fe but can’t afford to provide that service anymore, he said.

Miller said clients can now meet the tour operator down on the river and will find directions and other information on their website at .

The company begins runs on the Rio Grande April 19th, Miller said.

This article also appeared in the Santa Fe New Mexican's Outdoors section.

Thursday, March 13, 2008

Guide Jerry Burton's Tips on Early Spring Fishing

Glenn Jaramillo,42, of Santa Fe enjoys a beautiful day off from work to flyfish the murky waters of the Peco River below Villa Nueva State Park on Monday, March 10, 2008.

Now is a good time for anglers to get in some early season fishing before the snowpack melts, sending torrents of high, muddy water downstream.

“Every spring there’s this window of opportunity, “ says Jerry Burton, a fishing guide for the Reel Life Fly Shop in Santa Fe.

Longer, warmer days bring out the trout and opportunistic anglers can find some good fishing on area streams by following a few tips, Burton says.

Do your homework by paying close attention to New Mexico’s stream flows found on the US Geological Service website at

Anything below 150 cubic-feet-per-second (CFS) of water flow is probably going to be fine to fish, he says.

Watch the peak high and low water flow pattern to determine the best time of day to fish. This time of year it’s usually from 10 a.m. to about 3 p.m. on a stream like the Jemez, Burton says.

Don’t be put off by off-color water, but instead use it to your advantage to get closer to your work without spooking a fish.

Fish an area methodically and use high visibility patterns like a prince nymph with a gold bead head or a black woolly bugger laced with crystal flash.

Work along the edge of currents, up close to the banks and in spots where trout may be resting and the current brings food to them.

“They’re not going to waste a lot of energy chasing stuff,” he says. “So you have to get it right on top of them.”

Also, fish open areas exposed to the sun, as trout will be more active in these warmer areas, he adds.

Those fishing with bait such as worms and salmon eggs have an added advantage when fishing murky water as trout rely more on their powerful sense of smell to detect food under those conditions.

“There’s a reason you always see a picture of some kid in the newspaper who's caught a big brown on a worm,” he says. “It’s the smell.”

Burtons suggests the Pecos River and Jemez Mountain streams could provide good fishing before the runoff gets to roaring.

And when that happens, Burton suggests heading south into the Gila for some prime fishing.

Runoff in the Gila is generally over by late March and early April providing anglers numerous opportunities to fish for rainbow, brown, brook and some Gila trout, Burton says.

And those lucky enough to catch a Gila trout have Burton to thank.

Burton, 67, is a retired US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) biologist whose work in New Mexico included the Gila trout recovery and restoration project.

The native trout was listed as endangered back in the mid-1960s. Fishing for it was prohibited and a long running and exhaustive project was undertaken to bring it back from the edge of extinction.

The effort resulted in a prospering Gila trout population which allowed the USFWS to down list the trout from endangered to threatened.

And it was Burton, by then retired, who filed the petition to down list the trout.

“You know, at what point do you say they’re past the level of needing that level of protection?” Burton says. “We met all the criteria set in the recovery plan so someone had to say ‘we’re finished here.’”

And that someone was Burton because no one else seemed to be willing to step up to the table and make that effort.

“A lot of people were worried about their job security,” he says.

But Burton, a life-long angler and hunter, and plenty of others in the state wanted to have the opportunity to fish for the native trout once again.

And when that happened it would validate all the work he and so many others put into saving the native trout, he said.

So it was he who petitioned his former employers in 1997 to down list the trout.

The State Game Commission has since opened three streams containing pure strain Gila trout to fishing and many other streams in the Gila Wilderness are being stocked with Gila trout, which are raised in a federal fish hatchery in Mora.

Burton says the Gila Wilderness and National Forest provides great, early season fishing for those willing to head south. Check the state Department of Game and Fish and Gila National Forest websites for more information on where and when. Jerry Burton Winter 2008Burton was born and raised in Oshkosh, Wis., one of six kids. His mother, Helen, was a homemaker and his father, Joe, was a machinist at the nearby North American Rockwell Plant that produced farm machinery.

He grew up riding his bike down to the Fox River or nearby Winnebago Lake where he’d fish for walleye, perch and anything else he could catch. He took up duck and deer hunting as he grew older.

Burton said his dad was a Depression era survivor who stressed his children’s need for good jobs skills, so Burton took industrial arts classes, like machine shop, while in high school.

Burton was preparing for a career like his dad’s in manufacturing until he took the college entrance exams and discovered he was good at academics too. He was accepted at the University of Wisconsin in Oshkosh and graduated with a bachelor of science in biology.

During college he married his longtime sweetheart, Sue DeYoung, and worked second shift as a machinist at his dad’s factory. The couple lives in Albuquerque, as do their two children, David and Stephanie.

Burton said he went into biology because of his love of the outdoors and while in college a guidance counselor noted the USFW was hiring and suggested he apply. He did and that’s how he got his start with the federal agency.

Burton said in his 28 years with the service, he is most fond of his days working in North Carolina where he assisted the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Nation in developing a self-supporting, recreational, hunting, fishing and camping program.

The Indians possessed over 30 miles of prime trout streams, which were stocked with up to a ton of fish a week with close to 90 percent of those being taken by anglers, Burton says.

“Boy, we sure sold a lot of niblets corn down there,” he says with a laugh.

Burton says he discovered the stocking program had no ill effect upon the native trout, as they seemed to only eat corn on the drift rather than those suspended upon a hook.

Burton noted that the Cherokee reservation bordered the scenic Great Smokey Mountain National Park and Blue Ridge Parkway, which made for excellent working conditions.
“Those were six, great years,” he said.

Burton says he would later use skills he learned assisting the Cherokees when he was transferred to the state of Washington where he worked with local tribes on salmon and steelhead trout issues.

And it was in the late stages of his career -- as the Endangered Species Act became law --that he was transferred to New Mexico to specialize in that area of work.

Burton remains active with local conservation groups such as New Mexico Trout and the Truchas Chapter of Trout Unlimited and frequently speaks before these groups.

This article also appeared in the Santa Fe New Mexican's Outdoors section.

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